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What is Fedex and what is Fedex tracking and tracking number?

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What is Fedex and what is Fedex tracking and tracking number?

FedEx, formerly FedEx, is a significant player in the parcel delivery market and a direct competitor to the world’s leading United Parcel Service (UPS). Unlike UPS, FedEx’s story is relatively short as the company was founded in 1971 by its current CEO, Fred Smith.

However, 40 years later, the company owns the world’s largest airline in cargo tonnage, and its fleet ranks fourth in the world. The company has nearly 300,000 employees and sales of more than US$40 billion.

FedEx founded

While at Yale University, Fred Smith developed the idea of ​​a global logistics company with other famous students such as future President George W. Bush and Democratic presidential candidate John Kerry.

Smith submitted a paper proposing a new concept i.e. a logistics company is responsible for retrieving a piece of goods from the environment while operating its planes, warehouses, post offices and ubiquitous delivery vehicles.

After graduating from Yale University, Smith founded FedEx in 1971 with his father’s $4 million estate and $91 million in venture capital. He built the company on the concepts he developed at Yale University, with an emphasis on integrated air-ground systems. He founded the company at Little Rock National Airport in Arkansas. Nevertheless, after two years of lackluster cooperation at the airport, Smith moved the company from FedEx to its current location in Memphis, Tennessee, where Fred Smith’s hometown is.

FedEx began air operations from Memphis Airport on April 17, 1973, using 14 Dassault Falcon 20 jets to carry packages between 25 cities.

Although the company is the new company with the most funding in U.S. history in terms of venture capital, the company still lost money in its first three years of operation. It wasn’t until 1976 that the company made a profit of $3.6 million by processing 19,000 packages per day for the first time.



The liberalization of the airline industry in 1977 meant that the fledgling company could buy jumbo jets to increase the number of packages it could carry on a daily basis.

FedEx bought seven Boeing 727 aircraft shortly after deregulation and then bought Boeing 737 aircraft. In 1977, the company’s profits increased by $8 million and sales were $110 million. The company has 31,000 regular customers, including IBM and the US Air Force, who use FedEx to ship spare parts.

FedEx became a public company in 1978 to raise funds for further expansion. In its second year after its initial public offering, the company had revenues of $258.5 million, shipped 65,000 packages daily to 89 cities in the United States and made a profit of $21.4 million.


The growth of night deliveries

1980s, the company began expanding its nightly delivery service away from the U.S. Postal Service.

FedEx began competing directly with the USPS, launching overnight letters in the file size, which can hold two ounces of documents, for a flat fee of $9.50. This service makes FedEx the top-selling company among US air freight companies, ahead of Emery, Airborne Freight and Purolator Courier.


Acquisitions and international services

In 1984, FedEx first acquired Gelco Express, a Minneapolis-headquartered parcel delivery company that serves 84 countries/regions. FedEx has made acquisitions in the United Kingdom, the Netherlands and the United Arab Emirates (UAE) to open overseas markets. In 1985, the company opened a European hub at Brussels Airport, expanding its international activities and expanding its services into Europe.

In 1987, FedEx served approximately 90 countries/regions and had landing rights at five airports outside the United States (Montreal, Toronto, Brussels and London) and limited landing rights in Tokyo. The company acquired Tiger International for $883 million to further expand international delivery and its heavy freight carrier Flying Tiger Line. FedEx has obtained the right to use the slot fleet, which includes 22 Boeing 747s, 11 Boeing 727s and 6 DC-8 aircraft.


The U.S. and foreign competition

In the 1990s, FedEx faced competition from UPS in the United States. UPS introduced volume discounts, which attracted many FedEx customers. FedEx’s international operating costs are high, and profits have declined due to the increase in the price of developing overseas markets.

To increase capacity and reduce costs, the company replaced its Boeing 727 aircraft with Airbus A300 aircraft. In 1994, FedEx officially adopted “FedEx” as its official name. A year later, it bought routes from Evergreen International to open China routes and opened an Asia-Pacific hub at Subic Bay International Airport in the Philippines.

In 1998, FedEx acquired Caliber Systems and founded FDX. The acquisition of Caliber means FedEx has accepted small parcel carrier RPS (now FedEx Ground), less than freight (LTL) carrier Viking Freight (now FedEx Freight West), Caliber Logistics, Caliber Technology, and Roberts Express (now FedEx Custom Critical).


Current operation

FedEx now has more than 700 aircraft, including Boeing 757-200, 767-300F, and 777 freighters. This is the largest fleet in the world. FedEx is the most giant Airbus A300, Airbus A310, ATR 42, Boeing 727, Cessna 208, McDonald Douglas MD-10, and McDonald Douglas MD-11 aircraft Quotient. FedEx replaced all of its Boeing 727-200 aircraft in 2016 with Boeing 757 aircraft, whose fuel consumption is 47% higher than its 727 aircraft.

Although Boeing ceased production of the 757 as early as 2004, FedEx purchased used 757 aircraft from other airlines for $2.6 billion. FedEx becomes the first carrier for the Airbus A380 cargo plane but canceled the order after a two-year delay. FedEx replaced the A380F order with an established Boeing 777F order.


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